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 CTS Airplants

CTS Airplants

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1. Airplants-Tillandsia, Bromeliad Care.

2. Succulent-Cati Care

1. BASIC TILLANDSIA CARE: *Detailed species specific care instructions and videos coming soon!

Light: Bromeliads/Airplants need bright but indirect light. Some species prefer more direct light and some prefer more shade. In the summer months(April-October) avoid direct noon day sun, Morning sun before 10:00a.m usually is fine. In winter and fall months(November-March) direct sun is usually ok in temperate climates(Use your best judgement). Indoors Bromeliads/Airplants can be grown by a bright window. Artificial light can be used if it is full spectrum fluorescent and not more the 3 feet away from the plants.

Water: Bromeliads/Airplants can be watered 2-3 times per week by thoroughly wetting the plants. Water by spraying with water or soaking for about 10 minutes. If you are using a spray bottle for watering make sure the plants are getting enough water by spraying them thoroughly and then spraying them again in 30 minutes or so. Watering will depend on the environment. In hot dry climates you may need to water plants every other day with mistings between waterings. In very humid climates watering one to two times per week may be fine. Always make sure to let plants dry within a few hours of watering-don’t keep airplants constantly wet. As long as the plants are allowed to completely dry between watering you don’t have to worry about over watering. If your plant is in a seashell empty out the shells after watering.

Air Circulation: Air circulation is important for plants to receive nutrients and to dry between waterings. If you are keeping your plants in a terrarium or orb-make sure one side is open or screen.

Food: Use bromeliad fertilizer two times a month during warmer months. Less often during cooler months. Feeding your plants will help them grow, pup, and bloom faster!

Temps: Most Bromeliads/Airplants prefer warmer temps 60-90F+. Night time drops are OK as long as it is not much below 50F. Some plants do need cool night time drops below 50F to bloom.

Mounting/Grooming/Dividing: As Bromeliads/Airplants grow, some leaves near the base may die off. These can be trimmed back with shears. Any imperfect or damaged leaves can be trimmed as well. Typically these leaves can just be left on the plant as well(As long as they do not begin to mold or rot). Old flower spikes can be trimmed away-but if you leave them they will typically germinate many seedlings that can be grown into larger plants(Although slowly-some seedlings can take 5 years or more to grow into mature plants).

Bromeliads/Airplants grow best epiphytically(*Attached to something-rock, wood, etc). They can be easily mounted with aluminum wire and/or non water solubale adhesive or hot glue gun. Feel free to use driftwood, tree bark, cork bark, rocks, baskets, terra cotta, and just about anything else to mount your plants on. A lot of airplants such as ionantha and bergeri can be hung from wire and grown into a circular ball or clump.

Mature plants that have bloomed will grow offsets or pups(Smaller plants at the mature plants base). When these offsets are 1/3-1/2 the size of the mature plant they can be gently broken away/divided from the mother plant. Leaving them in place will result in large clumps/balls of plants-and these can be great show pieces.

2. BASIC SUCCULENT CARE: *Detailed species specific care instructions and videos coming soon!

Light:Indoors place succulents near the brightest, sunniest window available. South facing windows are best. If you do not have a sunny window, full spectrum fluorescent lights will work. Outdoors most succulents can tolerate full sun-but partial sun partial shade is best or the plants can get sun burned. Shade from noonday sun in the summertime is desirable or your succulents may become discolored. *Succulent cuttings should be kept out of direct sun for 2-6 weeks until their roots form. Otherwise they can dry out before setting roots and die.

Water:Water succulents heavily when watering-but allow the soil to dry between watering. Succulents cannot be in wet soggy soil for prolonged periods or their roots will die and rot. Make sure succulents have fast draining soil. Use a prepared soil mix for succulents and cacti or mix your own. A layer of pebbles or small stones on top of the soil will aid in drainage and it looks good too. You will need to water more often in warmer months and water very little to not at all in cooler months. Succulents can lose their roots if they are kept wet in the wintertime.

Food:Succulents will benefit from a weak fertilizer offered every 2-3 waterings. Feeding is not necessary in cooler winter months.

Temps:Succulents prefer warmer temps during the day of 70F up to 100F. In higher temps make sure they have adequate shade. They can tolerate temps down to just above freezing in the winter time.

Transplanting succulents:When your succulent out grows a smaller pot you can move it safely to a size up. Gently tap the plant out of its present pot. Brush away some of the old soil around the roots, taking care not to disturb the center of the root ball or to break roots. Put some soil mix in the new pot and place the plant on top. Fill in around the sides-keep the plant at the same level as it was in the old pot. Let the plant stay dry a few days. This will allow any roots that are damaged or broken during the transplanting process to heal before watering to avoid rot of broken roots.

Propogating Plants from Cuttings:Succulents are somewhat easy to propagate from stem or leaf cuttings. This is an inexpensive way to buy plants and plant them yourself or to make another plant from one of the offsets of your larger plants. Allow the cutting to dry for several days to a week (depending upon ambient temps). During this time, a "scab" will form at the cut area. This provides a barrier to protect the plant from dessication or fungus. After the scab has formed, plant the cutting in a soil mix with extra perlite. The extra perlite will allow the aeration necessary to enable production of healthy roots. Sometimes, if you wait a bit too long before planting your cutting, it may produce "aerial" roots, which are actually capable of absorbing water!

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